Cost of goods sold is defined as the complete cost legitimately brought about by a company to sell products and services. During the manufacturing process, the expense of goods sold is otherwise called the cost of goods manufactured.

The calculations for COGS are led to decide the measure of production costs that will be acquired by the organization when making the products. As a rule, the COGS incorporates crude material costs, work expenses, and overhead expenses. Look at the accompanying simple tips to discover how to determine COGS in companies.

The factors involved in the calculation of COGS

To have the exact COGS calculation, it is essential to know the three important parts which are:

  • Starting inventory costs (towards the start of the year)

The starting inventory expenses are on the whole the inventory expenses toward the start of the period or the current monetary year. The equalization of the starting inventory expenses can be sorted out from the current record balance, or the organization’s underlying balance sheet, or the balance of the earlier year.

  • Finishing Inventory Costs (toward the year’s end)

The completion inventory expenses are generally the inventory expenses toward the finish of the period or the finish of the current monetary year. The equity of the completion inventory expenses can be sorted out from the adjustment report toward the finish of the period.

  • Inventory Purchases

Inventory purchases incorporate all crude material bought by the company, both money and credit exchanges. They likewise incorporate the expense of transportation excluding discount and returns.

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Instructions for calculating COGS

The COGS computation strategy in manufacturing companies is somewhat dissimilar as that of in service and retail organizations. Here are the means to determine it:

1) Determine the raw materials used

As the manufacturers make their own product, they need to have crude materials. Essentially, raw materials are the principle necessity for determining the expense of goods sold. Manufacturers have the responsibility to decide the amount of raw materials which will be utilized to make a thing.

To confirm that, they should discover the amount of raw materials that are left toward the finish of the period after the underlying balance of the period added to the bought items during that period. Here are the means by which to compute all the raw materials utilized for the production process:

Raw materials utilized = starting balance of raw materials + raw material which are bought – end balance of raw materials

2) Compute the additional production costs

Notwithstanding the basic raw materials, different costs exist that influence the process of production of products, from raw materials to completed goods. These expenses include:

  • Labor costs
  • Overhead expenses (non-essential raw material costs) for example, power costs, upkeep costs, reparation costs, etc.

3) Determine the total production cost

The total production cost incorporates costs acquired when the products are gone into the process of production and expenses brought about to make these things.

To decide the cost of the product, the raw materials prepared toward the start of the production time frame must be added to non-fundamental raw materials (for example labor and overhead), afterward deducted by the things staying in the stockroom toward the finish of the period.

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4) Compute the cost of goods sold

This is the ideal opportunity to compute the COGS. You should simply include the completed goods made in the warehouse toward the start of the period with the production cost of the current time frame, afterwards lower the completed products staying in the warehouse toward the finish of the period. Here is the equation:

Cost of Goods Sold = Starting balance of completed goods + production finished in the current time frame – last balance of completed goods

When the expense of goods sold is determined, you can ascertain your business’ gross income. It is the quantity of cash that your business gets from deals before deducting charges and different costs.


Computing COGS by the manual way is quite a headache, in light of the fact that typically it requires a ton of documents to record every part. Separate paper records or spreadsheets regularly get lost or even harmed. What’s more, the manual calculation of COGS is additionally inclined to mistakes.

The calculation of COGS can be made significantly less complex and simpler with the assistance of a web based accounting technique.

With the assistance of HashMicro’s cloud-based accounting system, you can determine the COGS precisely in not more than seconds. All your money related information can be observed whenever and anyplace through the same system.